Developing students’ chemical literacy through the integration of dilemma stories into a STEAM project on petroleum topic

Yuli Rahmawati, Erdawati Erdawati, Achmad Ridwan, Novita Veronica, Deni Hadiana


The aim of this study was to develop students’ chemical literacy by integrating dilemma stories into a Science, Technology, Engineering, Arts, and Mathematics (STEAM) project on petroleum. Chemical literacy can help students face future challenges by applying what they learn at school to solve problems in their daily lives. A qualitative research method was employed that included interviews, observations, reflective journals, chemical literacy tests, and student activity sheets, as data collection tools. 106 secondary school students participated in the research using a project-based approach consisting of five steps: value reflection, problem-solving, project monitoring and evaluation, project development, and transformation. The five indicators of chemical literacy by Shwartz, Ben-Zvi, and Hofstein (2006); general scientific ideas, characteristics of chemistry, chemistry in context, higher-order learning skills, and affective aspect, the research found that the students’ chemical literacy abilities were significantly developed. This study uses a dilemma story to understand chemistry concepts whereby students can develop a project by integrating chemistry and STEAM principles. The STEAM Project involved making alternative fuel to find a solution to a problem presented in the dilemma story. The researchers were challenged by the need to find a suitable chemistry-based dilemma story to integrate with a STEAM project while also empowering students and managing time resources.


Chemistry learning, dilemma stories, STEAM project, chemical literacy, petroleum

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Licencia de Creative Commons 

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

Journal of Technology and Science Education, 2011-2024

Online ISSN: 2013-6374; Print ISSN: 2014-5349; DL: B-2000-2012

Publisher: OmniaScience